› Introduction to The Underworld as Understood in Ancient Hellas

natural-magics:

waterspeak:

Working with Thanatos has given me time and insight into studying more about the Underworld. I have come to truly respect it, far more than I may fear it. The journey to the Underworld is not as simple as one may think. The Underworld actually has quite a delicate and…

natural-magics:

Athene (Athena) was the great Olympian goddess of wise counsel, war, the defence of towns, heroic endeavour, weaving, pottery and other crafts. She was depicted crowned with a crested helm, armed with shield and spear, and wearing the snake-trimmed aigis cloak wrapped around her breast and arm, adorned with the monstrous head of the Gorgon.

The more famous myths featuring the goddess Athene include:—

  • Her birth from the head of Zeus, fully-grown and arrayed in arms;
  • Her contest with Poseidon for dominion of Athens in which she produced the first olive tree and he the first horse;
  • The War of the Giants in which she buried Enkelados beneath Mount Etna and made her aigis from the skin of Pallas;
  • The attempted rape of the goddess by Hephaistos, who spilled his seed upon the earth and produced Erikhthonios, who she then adopted as her own;
  • The assisting of Perseus in his quest to slay the Gorgon and the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece;
  • The assisting of Herakles with his twelve labours;
  • The weaving contest with Arakhne who was transformed by the goddess into a spider;
    The blinding of Teiresias for viewing her naked in the bath;
  • The Judgement of Paris in which she competed with Hera and Aphrodite for the prize of the golden apple;
  • The Trojan War where she sided with the Greeks in battle, but attacked their ships with a storm when they failed to punish Oilean Ajax for violating her Trojan shrine.

(x)

thepaganraven said:
What do you know about the Greek deity Calypso?

natural-magics:

Kalypso is a sea nymph (sometimes referred to as a goddess) of Greek mythology, known for her enchanting beauty. she lived on the island of Ogygia, where she was detained because she supported her father in the struggle between the Titans and the Olympians (Homer’s Odyssey). she is the daughter of the Titan Atlas and the goddess Tethys.

Kalypso played an important role in Odyssey, in which she enchants and seduces a shipwrecked Odysseus with her voice, beauty and kindness. she wished to keep Odysseus as her immortal lover, although he had a wife who he grieved for and wished to return to. Odysseus was kept on the island for 7 years in misery and refused the nymph’s offer of agelessness and immortality.

Odysseus’ patron goddess, Athena, finally intervened and asked Zeus to order the release of Odysseus. Zeus sent Hermes, the messenger of the gods, to persuade Kalypso. she was angry and bitter, stating: “Cruel folk you are, unmatched for jealousy, you gods who cannot bear to let a goddess sleep with a man, even if it is done without concealment and she has chosen him as her lawful consort.”

however, Kalypso eventually relented and allowed Odysseus to leave. she even provided him with provisions and materials to build a raft so he could escape her island home. out of love and despair, she attempted to take her own life (supposedly, this is disputed), but was not successful in the act because of her immortality. she wept tears into the sea for her lost love.

because her name roughly translates to “to cover” or “to hide,” she’s supposedly associated with hidden secrets and hiding from enemies. however, this is not part of her classical role or associations.

references: (x), (x)

theemocowboy:

 i really really want a dionysus tattoo

(Source: hochlins)

angomango:

Hades and Persephone by ~Ashramart

(Source: pidgeonsandpeeps)

› Persephone

natural-magics:

image

Proserpine by Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)

Persephone is the goddess queen of the underworld and wife of the underworld god Haides (Hades). She is also the goddess of spring growth, who was worshiped alongside her mother Demeter in the Eleusinian Mysteries. This…

denisforkas:

Study for Andromeda II, 2013

Acrylics on paper, 41.5 x 29.5 cm

thepicketysatyr:

Poseidon looks out to sea, Estonia

petitepointplace:

Because of the multitude of seeds found within the pomegranate it is regarded by many as a symbol of fertility and abundance.  It is associated with the change of the seasons, life, death, resurrection, and marriage in the Greek myth ofPersephone.

Islamic legend states that each fruit contains as seed from the garden of paradise.

Mythology | Hecate

I will meet you in the dreamscape, at the gateway
full of black obsidian eyes watching and smoky mirrors, skeleton keys and blazing copper torches
Escape with  your skin, escape while you still can
Denying Death as your escort- embodying the medicine of the red snake
With one foot in the underworld and one foot in the wild wood
[x]

(Source: lydiasgotstiles)

Notte Themes     ☾